Knitting Abbreviations Master List For Beginners

Knitting Abbreviations Master List For Beginners

Have you ever found yourself eagerly ready with your knitting needles and pattern in hand, then stumped by the cryptic language written throughout the pattern? We've all been there. But you need not worry since Lantern Moon is here to shed some light on these knitting codes and make your crafting journey smoother. In this blog, we'll decode the sign language commonly used by designers in their patterns. Additionally, we'll explore why they opt for abbreviations in the patterns instead of spelling everything out. So, let's begin!

Why Are Knitting Abbreviations and Terms Used in the Patterns by Designers?

Clarity and simplicity: Using acronyms can help simplify the lengthy instructions in knitting patterns, making them easier to read and comprehend. By condensing complicated instructions into a shorter pattern, they can make a pattern more readable and space-efficient.

Consistency: Consistent abbreviations guarantee uniformity between various knitting designs. This makes it easier for knitters already familiar with common abbreviations to comprehend instructions in various patterns without constantly picking up new vocabulary.

International Understanding: Since knitting is a worldwide hobby, individuals with various nationalities and linguistic backgrounds have produced and used patterns. Standardized abbreviations make it easier for knitters worldwide to understand and follow instructions by bridging language boundaries.

Easy to Memorize: Knitters can become more proficient and enjoy the act of knitting by becoming familiar with popular knitting abbreviations and being able to reference and memorize them rapidly.

Tradition and Convention: The traditional knitting vocabulary includes several abbreviations that have been used for many years. In order to respect knitting's history and preserve ties to earlier knitters, designers frequently utilize these well-known abbreviations.

Overall, Knitting terms and abbreviations are used in designs to simplify communication between designers and knitters, making creating exquisite and detailed knitted clothing and accessories easier.

Knitting Terms & Abbreviations in Alphabetical Order


Alt: Alternate

Approx: Approximately


Beg: Beginning

Bet: Between

BO: Bind off

BOR: Beginning of round

Byo: Backward yarn over

BG - Both groups

BM - Before marker

BT - Back twist


C2B: Cable 2 back

C2F: Cable 2 front

C4B: Cable 4 back

C4F: Cable 4 front

C6B: Cable 6 back

C6F: Cable 6 front

CB: Cable back

CC: Contrasting color

CCD: Centered double decrease

CF: Cable forward

CN: Circular needle

Cm: Centimeter/s

CO: Cast on

CONT: Continue


DPN: Double pointed needles

dec: Decrease

DD - Double decrease

DK - Double knit


EOR: End of round/row

EON: End of needle

EA - Each

EK - End knit

EP - End purl


FC: front cross

FCN: Fixed circular needle

foll – follow

FJ - Fringe join


G st: Garter stitch

Grp – group

g: gram(s)


Inc: Increase

in(s) = inch, inches

ICN: Interchangeable circular needle


K: Knit

K2TOG: Knit 2 together

KA: Knitting accessories

Ktbl: Knit through the back loop

KW/kwise: Knitwise

k1b = knit 1 below

kfb = Knitting front and back


LH: Left hand


M: Marker

M1: Make one stitch

MC: Main color

m: Meter/s

mm: Milimeter/s

M1p: Make 1 purl

Meas: Measure

m st: Moss stitch


ndl: Needle


P: Purl

Patt: Pattern

Pm: Place marker

Psso: Pass slipped stitch over

Pwise: Purl wise

P2tog: Purl 2 together

P3tog: Purl 2 together

P2togtbl: Purl 2 together through the back loop

Prev: Previous

Pu: Pick up


Rem: Remaining

Rep: Repeat

RH: Right hand

RS: Right side

Rev st st: Reverses stocking stitch

Rnd: Round

Rc: Right cross

Rt: Right twist


St: Stitch

S2kpo: Slip 2 stitches together knitwise, knit 1, pass slipped stitches over

Skpo: Slip, knit, pass slipped stitch over (pass over)

Sl st: Slip stitch

SL: Slip

Sl1: Slip 1

Sl1p: Slip 1 stitch purlwise

Sl1k: Slip 1 stitch knitwise

Sm: Slip marker

SPN: Single pointed needle

Ssk: Slip, slip, knit

Ssp: Slip, slip, purl

Stst: Stockinette stitch


Tog: Together


W&T: Wrap and turn

WS: Wrong side

Wyib: With yarn in back

Wyif: With yarn in front


Yo: Yarn over

yrn: Yarn round needle

y2rn: Yarn twice round needle

yb: yarn back

yfwd or yf: yarn forward

These abbreviations cover a wide range of knitting techniques and terms commonly used in patterns. Knowing them is like learning a secret language; they make navigating knitters' complex designs easy. Knowing the sizes of knitting needles is also essential, as they play a crucial role in the knitting process. Knitting needles sizes guarantee the ideal stitch tension to achieve the required fit and appearance. Therefore, educate yourself on them to improve your crafting.

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